Foods That Cause Fibromyalgia Flares

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Living with fibromyalgia can be a challenging experience, with chronic pain, fatigue and cognitive issues impacting day-to-day life. While there isn’t yet a cure for this condition, there are ways to manage symptoms and improve quality of life. One important aspect of managing fibromyalgia is understanding the role of diet and identifying foods that can trigger flare ups. In this article, we’ll explore the relationship between fibromyalgia and food, and discuss ways to identify trigger foods and incorporate anti-inflammatory options into your diet.

Understanding Fibromyalgia and Its Triggers

What is Fibromyalgia?

Fibromyalgia is a chronic condition that affects the nervous system, causing widespread pain, fatigue, and tenderness throughout the body. The exact cause of this condition is not clear, but experts believe it may be related to changes in the way the brain processes pain signals. Other factors, such as genetics, stress, and trauma, may also play a role in the development of fibromyalgia.

Fibromyalgia is a complex and often misunderstood condition. It’s estimated that over 10 million people in the United States alone are affected by this chronic pain disorder. While fibromyalgia can affect anyone, it’s more common in women than men.

One of the biggest challenges of fibromyalgia is that it’s difficult to diagnose. There is no specific test for fibromyalgia, and the symptoms can be similar to other conditions. Often, a diagnosis is made by ruling out other possible causes of the symptoms.

Common Symptoms of Fibromyalgia

In addition to pain and fatigue, common symptoms of fibromyalgia include difficulty sleeping, anxiety, depression, and problems with memory and concentration. While the symptoms of fibromyalgia can vary from person to person, they can be debilitating and impact daily life.

One of the most frustrating aspects of fibromyalgia is that the symptoms can come and go. This can make it difficult to plan and manage daily activities. Many people with fibromyalgia find that they need to make lifestyle changes in order to manage their symptoms.

The Role of Diet in Fibromyalgia Management

While there isn’t yet a definitive link between specific foods and fibromyalgia symptoms, many people with the condition have found that certain foods or food groups can trigger flare ups. By identifying these trigger foods and making dietary changes, it’s possible to manage symptoms and improve quality of life.

Some common trigger foods for people with fibromyalgia include processed foods, caffeine, alcohol, and sugar. Many people with fibromyalgia have also found that a diet rich in whole foods, such as fruits, vegetables, and lean protein, can help to reduce symptoms.

In addition to making dietary changes, there are other lifestyle changes that can help to manage fibromyalgia symptoms. These may include regular exercise, stress management techniques, and getting enough sleep.

While there is no cure for fibromyalgia, there are many treatment options available to help manage symptoms and improve quality of life. By working with a healthcare provider, it’s possible to develop a comprehensive treatment plan that addresses the unique needs of each individual with fibromyalgia.

Foods That Cause Fibromyalgia Flares

Foods to Avoid for Fibromyalgia Sufferers

Fibromyalgia is a chronic condition that affects millions of people worldwide. It is characterized by widespread musculoskeletal pain, fatigue, and tenderness in localized areas. While there is no known cure for fibromyalgia, certain lifestyle changes can help manage symptoms and improve quality of life. One such change is to modify your diet and avoid foods that may trigger symptom flare ups. In this article, we will discuss some common foods that fibromyalgia sufferers may want to avoid.

Gluten and Its Effects on Fibromyalgia

Gluten is a protein found in wheat, barley, and rye. Some fibromyalgia sufferers report that consuming gluten can trigger symptom flare ups, potentially because of gluten’s inflammatory properties. Symptoms may include increased fatigue and joint pain. If you suspect gluten may be an issue, consider eliminating gluten-containing foods like bread, pasta, and cereals for a few weeks and monitor your symptoms to see if there is an improvement.

It is worth noting that not all fibromyalgia sufferers are sensitive to gluten. If you do not notice any improvement in symptoms after eliminating gluten, it may not be a trigger for you.

The Impact of Dairy Products

While dairy provides important nutrients like calcium and vitamin D, it can also be a trigger for symptoms in some fibromyalgia sufferers. The A1 protein found in cow’s milk has been linked to inflammation in the body, and some people have trouble digesting lactose. Symptoms of dairy intolerance may include digestive discomfort, skin issues, and respiratory problems. Try cutting down on or eliminating dairy from your diet to see if it reduces symptoms. Alternatively, try consuming dairy alternatives like almond milk, soy milk, or rice milk to see if this helps you.

It is important to note that not all dairy products are created equal. Some people with fibromyalgia may be able to tolerate certain dairy products, such as yogurt or cheese, in moderation.

Refined Sugars and Artificial Sweeteners

Refined sugars and artificial sweeteners can also be problematic for some people with fibromyalgia, potentially due to their impact on blood sugar levels and inflammatory response. Watch out for sugary drinks and foods, as well as processed foods that contain hidden sugars like high fructose corn syrup. Artificial sweeteners can be found in diet sodas, sugar-free candies and gum, and some packaged snacks, among other products. These sweeteners typically don’t cause inflammation, but some fibromyalgia sufferers say that consuming them makes their fibromyalgia symptoms worse. Consider eliminating these sweeteners for a few weeks to see if there is any improvement in symptoms.

It is important to note that not all sweeteners are created equal. Some natural sweeteners, such as honey or maple syrup, may be better tolerated by some people with fibromyalgia.

Caffeine and Its Role in Fibromyalgia Flare Ups

Caffeine, a stimulant found in coffee, tea, and cola, may also be a trigger for fibromyalgia symptoms. While some people with fibromyalgia find caffeine intake helpful in controlling fatigue symptoms, others find that caffeine can lead to nervousness or anxiety and can disturb sleep patterns. Consider reducing caffeine in your diet if you find that it negatively impacts your symptoms or sleep.

It is worth noting that not all fibromyalgia sufferers are sensitive to caffeine. If you do not notice any improvement in symptoms after reducing caffeine intake, it may not be a trigger for you.

Nightshade Vegetables and Their Potential Effects

Some people with fibromyalgia report that nightshade vegetables, including tomatoes, eggplants, peppers, and potatoes, can trigger symptoms such as joint pain and inflammation. Yet, there is no definitive proof that these vegetables are harmful to those with fibromyalgia; it may well come down to individual bio-individuality. Consider eliminating nightshade vegetables for several weeks to see if they are a trigger for you.

It is important to note that nightshade vegetables are a rich source of vitamins and minerals, and eliminating them from your diet may result in nutrient deficiencies. If you do decide to eliminate nightshade vegetables, make sure to replace them with other nutrient-dense foods.

Identifying Your Personal Food Triggers

Fibromyalgia is a chronic pain condition that affects millions of people worldwide. While the exact causes of fibromyalgia are unknown, research suggests that diet may play a role in managing symptoms. Certain foods can trigger fibromyalgia symptoms, including pain, fatigue, and brain fog. Identifying these trigger foods can help you manage your symptoms and improve your quality of life.

Keeping a Food Diary

One of the most helpful ways to identify trigger foods is to keep a food diary and track symptoms. Document everything you eat and drink, along with the timing and severity of your fibromyalgia symptoms. This includes noting the time of day you ate, the portion size, and any accompanying symptoms. Over time, you may begin to notice patterns and identify foods that make your symptoms worse.

It is important to be as detailed as possible when keeping a food diary. This means noting not only the main ingredients in a dish but also any seasonings or sauces that may contain trigger ingredients. For example, soy sauce contains gluten, which can be a trigger for some people with fibromyalgia.

Keeping a food diary can be time-consuming, but it is an effective way to identify trigger foods. You can use a notebook or a food tracking app to make the process easier.

The Elimination Diet: A Step-by-Step Guide

Another technique for identifying trigger foods is the elimination diet. This involves removing suspected trigger foods like dairy, gluten, and refined sugars from your diet for several weeks, then slowly reintroducing these foods one at a time, watching for any symptom flare-ups. This can be a challenging approach to dietary changes, but it can be effective in identifying specific trigger foods.

Before starting an elimination diet, it is important to consult with your healthcare provider or a registered dietitian. They can help you create a plan that meets your nutritional needs while avoiding trigger foods.

During the elimination phase, it is important to read food labels carefully and avoid any foods that contain suspected trigger ingredients. This may require cooking your own meals at home and avoiding processed foods.

After several weeks, you can start reintroducing foods one at a time. It is important to wait a few days between reintroducing foods to allow time for any symptoms to appear. If you experience symptoms after reintroducing a food, it is best to avoid that food in the future.

Consulting with a Nutritionist or Dietitian

If you have tried tracking your symptoms or using elimination diets but are still having trouble managing symptoms, you may want to consider meeting with a registered dietitian or nutritionist who is knowledgeable about fibromyalgia. These experts can help guide you through the process of identifying trigger foods and finding an anti-inflammatory diet that works for you.

A registered dietitian or nutritionist can also help you create a meal plan that meets your nutritional needs while avoiding trigger foods. They may recommend foods that have been shown to have anti-inflammatory properties, such as fatty fish, leafy greens, and berries.

It is important to remember that everyone’s body is different, and what works for one person may not work for another. It may take some trial and error to find an anti-inflammatory diet that works for you.

Overall, identifying and avoiding trigger foods can help manage fibromyalgia symptoms and improve your quality of life. By keeping a food diary, using an elimination diet, and consulting with a registered dietitian or nutritionist, you can take control of your diet and manage your symptoms more effectively.

Anti-Inflammatory Foods to Include in Your Diet

Omega-3 Fatty Acids and Their Benefits

Omega-3 fatty acids are a type of unsaturated fat found in salmon, sardines, walnuts, chia seeds, and flaxseeds. These fatty acids have been shown to reduce inflammation in the body and may help to ease joint pain and other symptoms associated with fibromyalgia. Consider incorporating omega-3-rich foods into your diet regularly.

Antioxidant-Rich Fruits and Vegetables

Fruits and vegetables are essential sources of vitamins and minerals, but they also contain antioxidants that help to fight inflammation in the body. Berries, leafy greens, broccoli, and tomatoes are all nutrient-dense, antioxidant-rich options that can help to manage fibromyalgia symptoms.

Whole Grains and Their Role in Reducing Inflammation

Whole grains like brown rice, quinoa, and whole-wheat bread, and pasta contain complex carbohydrates, fiber, and important vitamins that are essential to a healthy diet. They also help to reduce inflammation in the body by stabilizing blood sugar levels and providing healthy metabolism to the body.

Lean Proteins for Fibromyalgia Management

Lean proteins like chicken, turkey, fish, and legumes provide essential nutrients, including iron, zinc and B-vitamins that could boost energy levels and help repair muscles. These foods can also be helpful in managing fibromyalgia symptoms by reducing inflammation in the body. Consider incorporating lean proteins into your diet regularly.


Identifying foods that can trigger fibromyalgia flare ups can be a daunting task, but it is well worth the effort. By paying careful attention to your diet, and by using strategies like elimination diets and food diaries, you may be able to identify specific trigger foods that are causing or exacerbating your symptoms. By avoiding trigger foods and incorporating anti-inflammatory foods into your diet, you can manage symptoms and improve your overall quality of life. Remember, for help with addressing your dietary needs, it’s always a good idea to consult with a registered dietitian or nutritionist to ensure that your food choices align with your health management goals and targets.

3 thoughts on “Foods That Cause Fibromyalgia Flares”

  1. Aspartame is in splenda too. It is very bad for anyone.
    Thanks for all the other suggestions, they are good things i will try. But check out some facts about splenda and youll find out it is the exact same thing as all other forms of aspartame, like sweet n low.

  2. I am really only bothered by the aura and too much gluten. My flare ups come of I go on a sweet tooth bend or eat too much gluten along with stress and extreme barometric pressure changes. I don’t consume much dairy, other than yogurt, and use almond milk. Nightshades have never been an issue for me. Thank goodness.


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